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On foggy mornings, Charlotte's web was truly a thing of beauty. This morning each strand was decorated with dozens of tiny beads of water. The web glistened in the light and made a pattern of loveliness and mystery like a delicate veil.

- E.B. White



Gardening for wildlife means picking plants that wildlife need for food, shelter and sites for raising young. Selecting native plants rather than those not native to our area is critical to helping restore a healthy ecosystem.

We've done a lot of research and have assembled a database that will provide common names, latin names, characteristics of native plants and benefits to wildlife. We hope you find this useful as you build your garden. Wildlife will thank you with their sights and sounds.

Make your selections here:  
Mammals Trees
Birds Shrubs
Butterflies and Moths Wildflowers and Grasses
Turtles Vines
  [Note: when you click "submit" a new window will open. Close the window to return to this page]

...and let your garden be
a wild place.....


Sources used to develop this database include:

  • "Native Plants of Value to Wildlife in the Northern Virginia Piedmont," by Jocelyn Sladen, Environmental Studies Habitat Program at Airlie.
  • "Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat," U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Chesapeake Bay Field Office, 1997.
  • "Wildflowers for Butterfly Gardens," Prince William Wildflower Society, A Chapter of the Virginia Native Plant Society, 1998.
  • "American Wildlife & Plants: A Guide to Wildlife Food Habits," by Alexander Martin, 1951.
  • "Birdscaping Your Garden," by George Adams, 1998.
  • "The Complete Guide to Creating a Bird-Friendly Habitat in Your Backyard," by Donald and Lilian Stokes, 1998.
  • "Natural Gardening for Birds," by Julie Zickefoose, 2001.
  • "Gardening for Wildlife," by Craig Tufts and Peter Loewer, 1995.
  • "Attracting Backyard Wildlife: A Guide for Nature Lovers," by Bill Merilees, 1989.
  • "Attracting Butterflies and Hummingbirds to Your Backyard," by Sally Roth, 2001.
  • "A Garden of Wildflowers: 101 Native Species and How to Grow Them," by Henry W. Art, 1986.
  • "Using Native Plants to Attract Butterflies and Clearwing Moths in the Washington DC Area and Virginia," Green Spring Gardens Park: www.greenspring.org.
  • "A Wildlife Gardener's Guide to Hummingbirds," By Susan Day, Ron Rovansek and Jack Griggs, 2003.
  • "Native Plants of the Northeast: A Guide for Gardening and Conservation," by Donald J. Leopold, 2005.
  • "100 Easy-to-Grow Native Plants," by Lorraine Johnson, 1999.
  • "Top Butterfly Nectar Plants, Piedmont (Central Maryland)," by Denise Gibbs with assistance from Dick Smith and Stephanie Mason, North American Butterfly Association.